Hemp & CBD 101
What is Hemp?
Hemp, also known as Cannabis Sativa, is a plant species that is possibly one of the oldest to be cultivated, dating all the way back to 8000 BC.
Since these ancient times, a variety of uses for the plant have been discovered. Hemp can be made into textiles, rope, building materials, biofuel, and food to name a few.
HEMP vs MARIJUANA
These two leaves look the same, right? So what is the difference between hemp and marijuana?
They are the same species but defined by their very subtle differences. Hemp contains under 0.3% THC, the psychoactive component found in the plant. Marijuana, on the other hand, contains high levels of THC, over the 0.3%. Therefore, you will not get high from hemp as you would with marijuana.
Growing hemp became legal under the 2014 Pilot Program and is now federally legal to grow and possess in all 50 states under the 2018 Farm Bill.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a non-psychoactive phytocannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. Scientists believe that there are over 100 different cannabinoids found in the plant. These molecules interact synergestically with our endocannabinoid system to provide balance.
We extract all the cannabinoids present in our plants and do not focus on CBD exclusively. Together, these compounds bring about unique benefits known as the "entourage effect". We believe in providing full spectrum extracts to capture all of cannabis's glory.
The Endocannabinoid System
The endocannabinoid system, recently discovered in 1992, is recognized as an important modulatory system in the function of brain, endocrine, and immune tissues. It appears to play a very important regulatory role in the body's state of homeostasis and stress response.
The key elements of this system are: endocannabinoid receptors, endocannabinoids (cannabinoids produced within the body), and metabolic enzymes. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body, including the brain, nerves, skin, connective tissues, and immune cells to name a few. Phytocannabinoids (plant based cannabinoids) in the cannabis plant have been found to symbiotically interact with the endocannabinoid system by stimulating cannabinoid receptors. These molecules work together to help maintain biological harmony within our bodies in response to changes within the environment.
In humans, this system also controls energy homeostasis and mainly influences the function of the food intake centers of the central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract activity through the secretion of endocannabinoids.